The Linux BricsCAD pages, part 7: Publishing your drawings

Printing in Linux is very different, but not harder. In fact, scripting creates extra possibilities…

THIS ARTICLE IS UNDER CONSTRUCTION. YOUR POSITIVE INPUT IS APPRECIATED.

All related parts: 1: Introduction 2: Linux base install 3: More user software 4: Tuning Linux 5: Tuning your software 6: Getting BricsCAD working 7: Publishing your drawings

PDF as the base

History

PostScript, in .ps files, is a page describing language. You copy the file to a PostScript printer and you’re done. That is how it started early 80th, the printer did the processing.

PDF is a descendant of PostScript, lacking typical program language features, adding the possibility of embedded fonts and interactive media. Development: ~2000. For more: see Wikipedia.

PDF’s are processed in the computer itself and printed to all kinds of printers, contrary to PostScript. Raster Image Processing, RIP, is what is done to turn a PDF to a raw stream of print pixels.

There are printers that can deal directly with PDF by the way.

Linux and macOS are much more centred around PostScript and PDF printing than Windows. Centralizing PDF in the printing process is obvious, contrary to Windows printing.

Pitfalls

PDF is never a substitution for a CAD file. As “page printing oriented”, it lacks precision and it has never been intended to be an exchange format. People sending PDF’s for use in CAD systems should think twice and consider sending proper CAD files.

Unintended scaling is a pitfall that needs you attention, in particular when using Windows. If you want proper scaling, check your process carefully.

CUPS for printing

CUPS

CUPS (Common UNIX Printing System) lets a computer act as a print server, a host, for printers connected to that computer, using USB or network.

A user, a client, on the same computer or a different one, sends a print job to a CUPS host. CUPS does ripping, spooling and everything needed to get a result from the target printer.

Printer dialogues for setting up printers in modern Linux distro’s typically configure CUPS invisibly. You can find the “real” interface at http://localhost:631/printers/.

Command line: using lpr or lp

In BASH, command lpr or lp stands for line printing. It uses CUPS. lpr and lp are not the same thing, they more or less do the same thing.

On the CUPS site lives a clearly written document about using lpr and lp. You should read it, what follows here is a summary of tools to get jobs done.

Getting all information

What printers do I have?

Example, issue command lpstat -t in a terminal (ctrl-alt-t):

$ lpstat -t
scheduler is running
system default destination: EPSON_ET_4750_Series
device for Epson-Stylus-Pro-11880: socket://10.105.2.159:9100
...
printer Xprinter-XP-360B is idle.  enabled since zo 18 aug 2019 15:19:10 CEST

Two possibilities for example for printing on the command line:

lp -d EPSON_ET_4750_Series drawing.pdf
lpr -P Epson-Stylus-Pro-11880 drawing.pdf

What options does a specific printer have?

Issue command lpoptions -p printername -l to l(ist) options in a terminal:

$ lpoptions -p EPSON_ET_4750_Series -l
PageSize/Media Size: Letter 4x6 5x7 8x10 101.6x180.6mm *A4 A5 A6 Legal B5 B6 3.5x5 Postcard Env10 EnvC6 EnvDL 5x8 FanFoldGermanLegal 195x270mm 215x345mm
MediaType/Media Type: *Stationery PhotographicHighGloss Photographic PhotographicSemiGloss PhotographicGlossy PhotographicMatte StationeryLetterhead Envelope
ColorModel/Output Mode: *RGB Gray
Duplex/Duplex: None *DuplexNoTumble DuplexTumble
cupsPrintQuality/cupsPrintQuality: Draft *Normal High

Syntax:

Tag1/Tag2: Option1 *Option2 Option3 ...

*values are defaults. Before starting to combine all this…

The real party starts when using large format printers – not unusual in a CAD environment. Again:

$ lpoptions -p Epson-Stylus-Pro-11880 -l
InkSet/Cartridge Option: *MatteBlack
MediaType/Media Type: VELVET_FINE_ART_PAPER_MK WATERCOLOR_PAPER_RADIANT_WHITE_MK TEXTURED_FINE_ART_PAPER_MK ULTRASMOOTH_FINE_ART_PAPER_MK CANVAS_MK DOUBLEWEIGHT_MATTE_PAPER_MK ENHANCED_MATTE_PAPER_MK ARCHIVAL_MATTE_PAPER_MK PLAIN_PAPER_MK *ENHANCED_MATTE_POSTER_BOARD_MK
Color/Color: *Color ABWP
PrintQuality/Print Quality: Draft Speed Quality *Max_Quality
HighSpeed/High Speed: *Off On
Mode/Mode: ChartsAndGraphs *Standard AdobeRGB
InputSlot/Source: *RollPaper RollPaper_Banner Sheet
PageSize/Size: *Custom.WIDTHxHEIGHT A4 A3 A3+ A2 A1 A1+ A0 A0+ Letter USB USC USD USE ARCHA ARCHB ARCHC ARCHD ARCHE B5 B4 B3 B2 B1 B1L B0 B0+ 8x10in 10x12in 11x14in 12x12in 16x20in 24x30in 30x40in 36x44in 50x64in 60x75in 64x80in 30x40cm 40x60cm 60x90cm
Borderless/Borderless: *Off On
AutoCut/Auto Cut: *Off SingleCut DoubleCut NormalCut
Density/Color Density: 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 *100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150
DryingTimePerPrintHeadPass/Drying Time per Print Head Pass: *0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
PaperFeedAdjustment/Paper Feed Adjustment: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 *70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140
PaperSuction/Paper Suction: *Standard 1 2 3 4
PlatenGap/Platen Gap: *Auto Wider Wide Standard Narrow

With a lot of power comes a lot of options, that was fun! And finally I understand what my printers are really able to do, information so hard to find in manuals and sales info.

What other options do we have?

Continue reading this. For example:

lp -o landscape drawing.pdf

… is an option.

Putting it all together

Based on the example before, we could do:

lp -d Epson-Stylus-Pro-11880 -o media=Custom.1059x1500mm drawing.pdf

… for a 1500mm print from a 42 inch roll.

And the configuration possibilities seem endless, and when all options (-o abc -o def -o …) are defined properly, the process is under control. No surprises any more when printing and that is the power of CUPS for macOS and Linux versus Windows printing. But wait…

And… The finishing touch!

With knowledge about Unix/Linux printing it becomes tempting to automate things. There are two things to consider:

  • Look for Creating Saved Options, for creating “instances” of your printer with exactly the right settings – mostly paper sizes.
  • Consider using BASH scripts for hassle free printing. Example:
    $ ./drop_A0_pdf_on_me.sh

Hope you liked it so far, by writing I learned a lot myself too! Now, where were we… BricsCAD and Printing!

BricsCAD and Printing

That was a long introduction with details on PDF and CUPS. What it means for BricsCAD: Forget about PC3 files, it all boils down to creating proper PDF’s.

Considerations

  • All printing is centred around Print as PDF.pc3
  • Consider filing your print PDF’s for later reproduction purposes.
  • Do CPAGESETUP: Print as PDF.pc3 is greyed out, there are no other printers.

Setting up media sizes

CPAGESETUP results in this:

Page setup BricsCAD Linux

At this point something is odd:

  • If you do ctrl-p > Preview, you get a proper PDF.
  • If you do ctrl-p > <Enter>, you get an A0 proposition and a custom size, made with button 2, is not in the list any more.
  • That problem does not occur when doing a -plot command. So -plot is a workaround, just as saving the Preview.
  • It is temporary, it has the attention of developers (2019-08-30)

Additional Notes

This information screams for further automation…

How to get a Lisp list of CUPS printers?

By piping things I could transform $ lpstat output to an impressive but Q&D one liner that generates the requested list, paste this in a terminal:

echo ")" | (lpstat -p | sed 's/printer /(\"/' | cut -d ' ' -f 1 | sed 's/$/\")/' && cat) | (echo "(\"cups_printers\"" && cat) | tr '\n' ' '

This results in a list, which can be processed in Lisp:

("cups_printers" ("Epson-Stylus-Pro-11880") ("EPSON_ET_4750_Series") ("Xprinter-XP-360B") )

How to get the paper size of a layout?

Retrieving the paper size of a layout in Lisp, more paste, not working yet (2019-08-31), looks like:

(vla-get-canonicalmedianame (vla-item (vla-get-layouts (vla-get-activedocument (vlax-get-acad-object))) (getvar 'ctab)))

This, combined with a table that links pc3 media sizes to CUPS media sizes and some Lisp and BASH programming might be the inspiring thought for anyone of creating a cupsplot command 🙂

Next…

Continue with part 8: Maybe later…

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